THE EMPIRE STRIKES BACK
FROM THE NOVEL
(c) CHAPTER II Company
FIFTH DRAFT FEBRUARY 20, 1979
With a coding number printed vertically over that, in black instead of (as noted on the title page) red, since I'm looking at a photocopy of one of the copies of that script, part of the making of one of my favorite films ever.
I've had this since the late 1990s, when I attended a small science fiction convention in Heppner, Oregon, about 160 miles east of where I live now. I bought the script in a silent auction. It likely isn't worth anything (and me selling it is most likely problematic -- hello, copyright), but I like getting to see this document of the process. Structurally it's almost exactly the story that hit theaters in summer 1980, but changes big and small are everywhere. Scripts are battle plans, and those always change once you're in battle, i.e. shooting the film and dealing with schedules, budget and weather. (One day in Norway, the production was so snowed in that the only filming possible was done by pointing a camera straight out a hotel door while Mark Hamill pretended to be a hurt and delirious Luke, lost in the snow. Lost only yards from said hotel. Movie magic, people! It doesn't matter that Hamill could see walls and people.)
Some of the changes: Han's response to Leia's "I'd just as soon kiss a Wookiee" is "There's no accounting for taste." On a page revised March 16th, 1979, Luke hears Ben Kenobi's voice as he tries to use the Force to grab his lightsaber; that's followed by an August 24th revision of the page that's a photocopy of the earlier version, but with Ben's lines whited out. Throughout, R2-D2 and Chewbacca's general attitudes are spelled out where their "dialogue" would be, in script format, which is slightly jarring if you read it literally. ("CHEWIE: Barks at the mention of food. Licks his lips.")
No outer space opening to this draft: the opening crawl happens over helicopter footage of Hoth:
station, the Empire has declared martial law throughout the galaxy.
A thousand worlds have felt the oppressive hand of the Emperor
as He attempts to crush the growing rebellion.
As the Imperial grip of tyranny tightens, Princess Leia and the small
band of freedom fighters search for a more secure base of operations...
This draft includes the Wampa ice creatures breaking into the Rebel base, a subplot throughout the Hoth sequence that ends, as a lot of you know, with the Wampas breaking out of a trap as Imperial troops storm the base. (It doesn't have C-3PO tearing off the warning sign on the door to the Wampa trap, as was filmed but not used. Surprisingly malevolent thing to do, Threepio.) The Imperial probe makes us hate it even more by killing a Wampa that it runs into randomly, then later killing a few Rebels before Han and Chewie can get out to fight it. During the AT-AT battle, Hobbie's speeder crashes into the head of a walker, which later inspired the A-Wing crashing into the Super Star Destroyer bridge in Return of the Jedi.
I like Luke and Artoo's exchange when he leaves for Dagobah: Artoo argues about whether they should, and if they have enough power, plus the droid wonders if Luke's thinking clearly post-Wampa attack and AT-AT battle *. I like seeing Artoo concerned. I also like that when the Millennium Falcon is parked in the asteroid and Threepio worriedly asks if he'll be shut off, the script points out that Chewie says "yes" just as Han says "no."
The script does something canny: it writes around Vader's revelation that he is Luke's father. The line "No, I am your father" isn't in this draft, but it's implied:
There is no escape...Don't make me destroy you. The Emperor is strong with the Force --
but The Force runs strong in the Skywalker line and together we will overthrow him.
I will complete your training and we will rule the Empire as equals...
[Vader puts his sword away. He holds out his hand to Luke.]
Luke, we will be the most powerful in the galaxy. You will have everything
you could ever want...do not resist...it is our destiny.
(There. More of the seduction that's part of the Force, which Lucas emphasized in the prequels; only Luke does, ultimately, resist what his father hadn't.) Later in the draft, Luke does say to himself "Ben, why didn't you tell me?" So Lucas and company had likely already decided on that plot point, but kept it under wraps. I've heard that, when David Prowse and Hamill shot the revelation scene, they were told that Vader's revelation was that Kenobi had killed Luke's father. Is that rumor correct, or at least likely?
As is standard with many scripts, more is said with more: dialogue is wordier, before the actors and filmmakers decided what could be conveyed with fewer or no words. Other details were added later, like Admiral Piett's uncomfortable moment seeing Vader's scarred head, or the final Force-dialogue between Luke and Vader, or how Luke loses his hand and has it replaced with a mechanical one. (In this draft, Vader just wounds Luke, he doesn't cut his hand off.)
I've read Alan Arnold's neat 1980 book, Once Upon a Galaxy: A Journal of the Making of The Empire Strikes Back, one of the first chronicles of what it took to make Empire; now I want to read the 2010 book (The Making of Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back by J.W. Rinzler) that goes into far more detail. I so wish I could've visited that set in 1979; the geek-out would've been strong with this one, I'm proud to say. It's easy to make me wish that; the films have that draw, even when I'm mixed on them like I am about the prequels. Reading and imagining is as close as I'm likely to get.
But I like that people still get to play around in the Star Wars universe.
* The exchange:
[a carefully-put sentence of whistles]
No...no headache, I feel fine...why?
[Artoo chirps an innocent phrase]
No dizziness, no drowsiness, the scars are even gone...
[Artoo whistles a question]
No, that's all right, Artoo, I'd rather keep it on manual control for awhile.
[Artoo lets out a defeated whimper. Luke just smiles at his worried little friend.]
Trust me, Artoo. I know where we're going and I'll get us there safely... It's not far.